Natural Home Cures - Mangosteen Fruit's Pests And Diseases
Pests: A leaf-eating caterpillar in India may be the same pest as that which attacks new mangosteen shoots in the Philippines and has been identified there as Orgyra sp. of the tussock moth family, Lymantriidae. A small ant, Myrnelachista ramulorum, in Puerto Rico, colonizes in the mangosteen tree and tunnels into the trunk and branches, damaging the new growth. Mites can sometimes deface the mangosteen fruit with small bites and scratches. In Asia, fully ripe mangosteen fruits are attacked by monkeys, bats, and rats.
Diseases: In Puerto Rico, thread blight caused by the fungus Pellicularia koleroga is often seen on mangosteen branchlets, mangosteen foliage and mangosteen fruits of trees in shaded, humid areas. The mangosteen fruits may become coated with webbing and thus ruined. In Malaya, the fungus Zignoella garcineae gives rise to "canker"– tuberous growths on the mangosteen branches which cause a fatal dying-back of mangosteen foliage, branches and eventually the entire mangosteen tree. The breakdown in storage is caused by the fungus Diplodia gossypina, Pestalotia sp., Phomopsis sp., Gloeosporium sp. and Rhizopus nigricans.
A major physiological problem called, "gamboge" is evidenced by the oozing of latex onto the outer surface of the mangosteen fruits and onto the mangosteen branches during periods of heavy and continuous rains. However, it does not affect eating quality. Fruit-cracking may occur due to excessive absorption of moisture. In cracked mangosteen fruits the flesh will be swollen and mushy. Bruising caused by the force of storms may also be an important factor in both of these abnormalities. In addition to that, mangosteen fruits exposed to the strong sun may also exude latex. Mangosteen produced in Honduras often have crystal-like "stones" in the flesh which may render the mangosteen fruit completely inedible.
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